Export credit insurance (ECI) protects an exporter of products and services against the risk of non-payment by a foreign buyer.
Export credit insurance (ECI) protects an exporter of products and services against the risk of non-payment by a foreign buyer. In other words, ECI significantly reduces the payment risks associated with doing business internationally by giving the exporter conditional assurance that payment will be made if the foreign buyer is unable to pay. Simply put, exporters can protect their foreign receivables against a variety of risks that could result in non-payment by foreign buyers.
ECI generally covers commercial risks (such as insolvency of the buyer, bankruptcy, or protracted defaults/slow payment) and certain political risks (such as war, terrorism, riots, and revolution) that could result in non-payment. ECI also covers currency inconvertibility, expropriation, and changes in import or export regulations. ECI is generally offered either on a single-buyer basis or on a portfolio multi-buyer basis for short-term (up to one year) and medium-term (one to five years) repayment periods.
- ECI allows exporters to offer competitive open account terms to foreign buyers while minimizing the risk of non-payment.
- Even creditworthy buyers could default on payment due to circumstances beyond their control.
- With reduced non-payment risk, exporters can increase export sales, establish market share in emerging and developing countries, and compete more vigorously in the global market.
- When foreign accounts receivable are insured, lenders are more willing to increase the exporter’s borrowing capacity and offer more attractive financing terms.
- ECI does not cover physical loss or damage to the goods shipped to the buyer, or any of the risks for which coverage is available through marine, fire, casualty or other forms of insurance.
Characteristics of Export Credit Insurance
Recommended for use in conjunction with open account terms and pre-export working capital financing
Exporters assume the risk of the uncovered portion of the loss and their claims may be denied in case of non-compliance with requirements specified in the policy
- Reduces the risk of non-payment by foreign buyers
- Offers open account terms safely in the global market
- Cost of obtaining and maintaining an insurance policy
- Risk sharing in the form of a deductible (coverage is usually below 100 percent)
Short-term ECI, which typically provides 90 to 95 percent coverage against commercial and political risks that result in buyer payment defaults, typically covers (a) consumer goods, materials, and services up to 180 days, and (b) small capital goods, consumer durables, and bulk commodities up to 360 days.
Medium-term ECI, which typically provides 85 percent coverage of the net contract value, usually covers large capital equipment up to five years. ECI, the cost of which is often incorporated into the selling price by exporters, should be a proactive purchase, in that exporters should obtain coverage before a customer becomes a problem.
Where Can I Get Export Credit Insurance?
ECI policies are offered by many private commercial risk insurance companies as well as the government import-export banks (government agencies that assists in financing the export of domestical goods and services to international markets.
Private-Sector Export Credit Insurance
- Premiums are individually determined on the basis of risk factors and may be reduced for established and experienced exporters.
- Most multi-buyer policies cost less than 1 percent of insured sales, whereas the prices of single-buyer policies vary widely due to presumed higher risk.
- The cost in most cases is significantly less than the fees charged for letters of credit.
- There are no restrictions regarding foreign content or military sales.
- Commercial insurance companies can usually offer flexible and discretionary credit limits.
Official Export Credit Agencies: